The Samoyed dog springs from the Samoyed tribe, who were forced from Southern Asia centuries ago and into northern Siberia. Recent DNA testing has shown the Samoyed, along with thirteen other breeds, to be among the most ancient of dogs. The Samoyed is probably the best indication of what wild dogs used to look like, they have no wolf or fox lineage.
Samoyeds were used to herd reindeer and protect them from predators. They were also important for hunting and pulling sleds, which was the only way to get around northern Siberia. Samoyeds were a vital part of the Samoyed tribe’s lifestyle and even responsible for keeping the tribe warm at night. The Samoyed people relied on these dogs for almost every aspect of daily life.
Samoyeds went to England in the 1800s and weren’t necessarily white, as we know them to be today. One was gifted to Queen Alexandria and she immediately became an advocate for the breed. The first Samoyeds in America came in 1906 and were recognized by the American Kennel Club that same year, after being popularized as a sled dog in Antarctica.
- Weight: 50 to 60 lbs.
- Height: 19 to 23.5 inches
- Coat: Dense, double layer
- Color: White, white and biscuit
- Life expectancy: 12 to 14 years
What’s the Samoyed like?
Samoyeds are always ready for adventure and you can see it from the smile on their faces. Samoyeds are true to their heritage: herding, running, and pulling whatever and whenever they can. These traits would be well suited to a person who exercises daily. Samoyeds can easily keep up with you under cold weather conditions and are particularly partial to sledding and skiing.
Samoyeds are also great around kids because of their kind and gentle personality but they might try and herd them. The Samoyed’s sweet demeanor makes him a poor watchdog, although barking a friendly hello to strangers is almost a certainty.
Samoyeds bark loudly and can be incessant so it’s important that you keep them entertained with games and plenty of exercise. Samoyeds are never lazy and if not properly worked they can easily turn to destructive behavior. Samoyeds thick coat is no excuse to leave them outside all the time. They need to be with the family just as their ancestors did.
Samoyeds love to chase anything. The best way to keep them safe is to keep them behind a fence or on a leash. They’re fast and can jump, so make sure you consider that when you’re trying to keep them in the backyard.
Grooming will be a frequent responsibility.
Possible conditions that might affect Samoyeds include the following:
- Hip dysplasia
- Pulmonary stenosis
- Progressive retinal atrophy
- Diabetes mellitus
- Samoyeds were both sled dogs and hunters. They’ll need strenuous daily exercise.
- Samoyed coats are thick and require regular grooming.
- Samoyeds play well with children and are always excited to meet new people.
- Samoyeds will chase just about anything so it’s important that you keep them safe.
If you have any questions or concerns, you should always visit or call your veterinarian – they are your best resource to ensure the health and well-being of your pets.
1. They had close associations with the Samoyede people
The samoyede people, currently known as the Nenetsky, bread and raised Samoyed dogs decades ago on the Taimyr Peninsula of Siberia.
They used Samoyed to pull sleds, hunt game, herd reindeer, and protect them against predators. In return, the samoyede people lived with these dogs, allowed them to play with their children, and kept them when in winter.
It was their closeness that helped create a sense of loyalty and trust in Samoyed dogs that remains to-date.
They Don’t Like Cold
If you live in a cold climate, then a Samoyed is probably ideal for you. This breed was bred to be a sledding dog. It has a hunting instinct and needs a lot of space in which to run.
This means that you will need to house train this dog, since it can become destructive if it feels that its territory is being threatened.
Some Samoyed dogs have a tendency to snore, so it is also important to watch for this behavior.
You can avoid the snoring problem by making sure that there is enough space for the dog to move around in.
The Samoyed has very mild fur, so bathing this breed isn’t going to be an easy task. You will need to bathe your dog about once every week, because its underbelly is extremely sensitive, and it can get quite cold during the winter.
A good idea is to use a warm bath water, and rub it on the underbelly until the coat begins to come back out. Then you can bathe the dog.
Ideal Home Environment
These dogs do best in a home where they receive plenty of family time and affection. Their history as close members of a pack, of humans that is, means they love to be included and will become miserable and destructive if left alone.
Active and sedentary people can find a great pet in the Samoyed. They love to exercise and are up for most anything, but are also happy lounging around with their families at home.
Cooler climates are ideal for this breed, though they can be okay in warmer places if kept in cool areas like an air-conditioned house.
The Samoyed can have health problems that may be costly or time consuming to deal with, so be prepared before adopting.
The Samoyed is one of the oldest breeds of dogs in the world. They get their name from the Samoyede tribe found in Asia and Siberia. The dogs were developed to assist with hunting reindeer, as well as guarding and herding them. They also pulled sleds for the nomadic tribes. Another important role of the Samoyed was to keep their humans warm by cuddling with them at night in their tents to stave off the frigid cold temperatures. The Samoyed breed came to England in the 1800s and the breed was promoted by Queen Alexandria who had received one as a gift. They were recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1906 which is the same year they first arrived in the U.S. They became popular as both a pet and a sledding dog in the 1900s, and they continue to serve in both roles today.