Abyssinian cat is elegant and graceful, and has a strong character. It resembles a miniature puma.
Abyssinian cat has a great temperament. He is elegant and graceful, has an extremely strong hunting instinct. Agile, lively and dynamic, he likes games and climbing - it is worth getting him a special post with platforms. It is an intelligent, curious and ubiquitous cat, usually staying wherever something is happening. Although he is mobile, the Abyssinian cat will adapt easily to being permanently in the apartment, but it needs to be entertained. He is eager to learn various tricks, but only when he enjoys it. He can be very stubborn and consistent in action - if he decides something, he will definitely do it.
Abyssinian cat is gentle towards people. He bestows the owner with great affection, is often even intrusive in showing affection and asks for a daily amount of caresses, and loves to accompany him in everyday life and household chores. It is a social animal and generally likes visitors, although some individuals may be wary of strangers. It likes to stay among other cats, preferably equally eager to play. Due to his strong character, he usually leads the group. Despite the fact that the Abyssinian cat is not aggressive, it does not avoid skirmishes and can respond to taunts.
Deprived of the possibility of discharging energy, Abyssinian cat can be really nuisance. Therefore, it is not recommended for busy people who will not have time to rescue this demanding cat every day. Due to its curious nature, it is also worth properly protecting the windows and balcony.
Advantages and disadvantages
Abyssinian cat - what is it like? Find out about its advantages and disadvantages!
- a very high scratching post is necessary - the cat is very active, loves jumping and climbing
- Congenital genetic defects may occur
- can be stubborn
- if there are other cats in the house, the Abyssinian cat will be the dominant
- can be intrusive in showing affection
- requires the caregiver to devote a lot of time to him
- very intelligent, he learns quickly and willingly, e.g. to walk on a leash, retrieve
- friendly, loves human company
- accepts other cats easily, as long as they are not equally dominant
- suitable for older children
- loves fun and all activities
Congenital genetic defects may occur - an incurable deficiency of pyruvate kinase (PK) resulting in life-threatening anemia. There is also loss of sight due to retinal atrophy, the symptoms of which are visible around the age of six. The seller of the cat should provide a veterinary certificate of no genetic defects along with the pedigree.
The urinary system is also a weak point in the health of an Abyssinian cat. Particular attention should be paid to annual prophylactic blood tests with renal parameters. And this is true for one-year-old cats!
An extremely energetic Abyssinian cat should be provided with high-quality food that will provide it with the right amount of energy. This breed of cats can be fed wet food and the BARF diet. Dry food is not recommended due to possible urinary problems.
Abyssinian cat's coat requires almost no care, it is enough to brush it once a week to remove dead hair. You also need to check the cleanliness of the ears and trim the claws (for indoor cats).
Abyssinian cat is one of the oldest cat breeds. There are many theories about its origin. According to one of them, the ancestors of the Abyssinian cat lived in Egypt during the times of the pharaohs. This is evidenced by the resemblance of the Abyssinian cat to cats immortalized in sculptures and sarcophagi from ancient Egypt. There is a theory that the Abyssinian cat could have already reached the British Isles with the Romans.
The first Abyssinian cat recognized as thoroughbred came to England around 1868. It was the female Zula, brought from Addis Ababa by a British diplomat. It aroused so much interest that it was decided to multiply it. British short-haired tabby (tabby) cats were probably used in the breeding.
On the other hand, genetic research shows that the Abyssinian cat is related to the purrs inhabiting the coastal regions of the Indian Ocean and Southeast Asia. British and Dutch merchants were supposed to bring cats from distant ports of India and Indonesia. This theory is confirmed by a cat exhibited in the 1830s at the Zoological Museum in Leiden (Netherlands) - it had a characteristic ticked aquti fur color.
One thing is for sure - the breed was shaped by breeders from Great Britain. In 1871, they were the first cat breed at the Crystal Palace Showin in London. The breed was recognized in England at the end of the 19th century. Initially, it appeared at exhibitions under various names, incl. as a hare or spanish cat.
The first Abyssinian cat reached the United States in the early 20th century and was first exhibited in 1909. He began to gain enormous popularity overseas starting in the 1930s. Americans love him for his expressive look, unusual color of fur and friendly character.
The breed was developed in parallel in the United Kingdom and the United States. The two lines of the Abyssinian cat are slightly different. Initially, the cleanliness of the new breed was not taken care of in Europe, crossbreeds with short-haired cats were common, incl. with a British Shorthair cat. The American Abyssinian cat is slimmer, has larger ears, and its coat has a more intense color. The British Abyssinian (according to the FIFe standard) has a slightly stronger body structure, smaller ears, a larger head, and a less intense coat color.
Abyssinian cat in Poland
The first Abyssinian cat appeared in Poland in 1994. It was brought from Sweden by FIFe judge Marek Chadaj.
Abyssinian cat - Abyssinian - Abyssinian - Shorthair and Somali cats - III cat. FIFe
EMS code: ABY
- Origin: Great Britain
- Nature: friendly, outgoing, playful, intelligent, inquisitive.
- Size: medium size.
- Weight: females 3-5 kg, males 4-7 kg
- Torso: pliable, springy and well-muscled, with balanced proportions.
- Head shape: slender, wedge-shaped with rounded contours; wide between the ears, with a prominent forehead and a moderately marked fracture; chin well developed, the face should not be pointed or square.
- Ears: large, wide at the base, widely spaced, finished with delicate brushes; a dark thumbprint on the back.
- Eyes: large, expressive, almond-shaped, widely spaced, amber, green or hazelnut in color, surrounded by dark borders.
- Nose: red with a black border.
- Tail: long, pointed at the end.
- Limbs: slim, long, fine-boned, ending in small, oval feet.
- Hair: short, springy, shiny, close to the body; with a delicate structure, with ticking characteristic of the breed, caused by the presence of the agouti gene.
- Ointment: the basic type is wild, ticked agouti (agouti), without any pattern on the fur - the effect of uneven distribution of pigment on the hair; less common types: sorrel (ore), fawn and blue; all types are also silvery; there is always a dark stripe along the back to the end of the tail.
- Disease resistance / susceptibility: possible burden of genetic diseases, frequent problems with the urinary system.
- Length of life: 9-15 years
- Possibility to buy a kitten in Poland: Yes
- Price of a TICA cat: 2000-3000 PLN
Abyssinians are excellent mothers - they can be very possessive when protecting their kittens.
Kittens mature early (similarly to their cousins - Somali cats), but they only acquire the final color of the coat at the age of about 18 months.
In an Abyssinian cat, each hair has several - alternately arranged - lighter and darker stripes and a dark tip. Thanks to this, the robe has a unique pattern, resembling the color of a hare's fur. Some parts of the body - the breast, abdomen, and insides of the limbs - remain uniformly colored. The lighter coat around the eyes and lips, the M mark on the forehead, the stripe on the back, the black rims around the eyes and the rim mirror of the nose are remnants of the tabby pattern.
Due to the characteristic appearance and color of the hair and nose, the Abyssinian cat was sometimes called "bunny cat" in Great Britain.
It is estimated that after World War II - in 1945 - Great Britain was inhabited by only 12 Abyssinians.