Information

Dog Bloat: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, and Prevention


Holle has owned, trained, and bred dogs for decades. As a former trainer, she has a deep understanding of canine behavior.

Bloat Is the Second Leading Cause of Death in Dogs

Remember the movie Marley and Me? Bloat is what did poor Marley in. According to experts, stomach bloat is second only to cancer as the leading canine killer, with a death rate as high as 60 percent, even including dogs that are treated by a veterinarian. Most untreated dogs will die, so bloat should be taken very seriously. If you suspect that your dog is suffering from bloat, take them to your vet as soon as possible.

If your dog has bloat, you have to get it to a vet as soon as possible. Time is of the essence!

What Is Bloat?

Stomach bloat, or gastric torsion, are common terms for gastric dilatation-volvulus, or GDV. This condition starts when the stomach becomes distended with gas, causing it to twist. Once this happens, the esophagus is closed, so the dog has no way to relieve the pressure. If the esophagus were open, the dog would be able to vomit or burp. If the stomach weren’t twisted at the other end, the dog would be able to pass gas to relieve the pressure.

When the stomach is twisted, its blood supply is shut off and the cells in the stomach lining begin to die. As this necrosis occurs, dangerous toxins that could cause blood poisoning are released. Occasionally, bloating will cause the stomach to rupture. If that happens, the dog could die from peritonitis, or inflammation of the peritoneum.

The gastric distention also puts pressure on veins and organs other than the stomach, including the pancreas, the spleen, and the liver. The compromised veins are not able to do their job, so an inadequate supply of blood reaches the heart, often causing heart arrhythmias and dangerously low blood pressure. Death can occur from cardiac arrest or shock. Although any dog can suffer from stomach bloat, breeds with deep chests are the most susceptible.

What Does Bloat in Dogs Look Like?

Signs of Bloat

The following list includes signs and symptoms of bloat, but sometimes these indicators are hard to identify or require a diagnosis from a veterinarian. When in doubt, take your dog in.

  • lethargy
  • frequent attempts to vomit
  • rapid heart rate
  • absence of normal sounds of digestion
  • bloating of the abdomen
  • coughing
  • whining, pacing, or other signs of pain
  • rapid breathing or panting
  • difficulty breathing
  • weakness
  • excessive salivation, drooling
  • unsuccessful attempts to defecate

Dog Breeds That Are Prone to Bloat or GDV

Great Dane

Alaskan Malamute

Doberman Pinscher

Borzoi

Irish Setter

German Shepherd

Kuvasz

Rottweiler

Boxer

Gordon Setter

Akita

Irish Wolfhound

St. Bernard

Great Pyrenees

Weimaraner

Golden Retriever

Bernese Mountain Dog

Basset Hound

Labrador Retriever

Afghan Hound

Standard Poodle

Newfoundland

Bloodhound

Rhodesian Ridgeback

What Causes It?

Scientists and veterinarians aren’t always sure what causes stomach bloat, but the following conditions seem to be among the culprits:

  • dry dog food high in grains
  • dog food high in citric acid
  • dog food and treats high in fat
  • exercising right before or after a meal
  • stress
  • “high-strung” temperament
  • drinking large amounts of water quickly
  • hereditary factors

How to Prevent Bloat From Occurring

  • Feed your dog several small meals a day instead of one or two large meals
  • If your dog gulps down its food quickly, buy a special food bowl with “fingers” or “knobs” that forces the dog to eat more slowly
  • Wait an hour after exercise before feeding
  • Keep your dog calm for an hour or two after eating—no rough play, running, jumping, etc.
  • Feed a dog food high in meat and bone meal
  • Avoid foods high in fat

What to Do If Your Dog Has Bloat

If you have to wait on the vet, you can do things at home that might buy you some extra time:

  1. Call your nearest vet clinic and let them know you are on your way. They may give some first aid or emergency instructions over the phone.
  2. Keep your dog as quiet and calm as possible.
  3. Don’t allow him or her to eat or drink.
  4. Some people choose to relieve the gas pressure by giving the dog an over-the-counter product that relieves gas such as Gas-X or other products that contain simethicone. We keep some Gas-X handy just for the dogs.

How Bloat Is Treated and Can Be Prevented

Veterinary treatment for dog bloat includes IV fluids and methods that relieve the pressure of the gas. A stomach tube or gastric tube is usually inserted first. If the tube can’t be inserted successfully, sharp-pointed valves called “trocars” are used. Once the stomach has been decompressed, the dog will have surgery to return the stomach back to its correct position.

If your dog has had an episode of bloat, the chance that the condition will strike again is high. There’s a surgical procedure, however, that might get rid of bloat once and for all. This procedure is called a “right-side gastropexy.”

What Is a Gastropexy?

This procedure attaches the stomach to the abdominal wall with sutures, which prevents the stomach from twisting. This surgery is quite successful and leads to extremely low rates of reoccurrence. The gastropexy can be performed on dogs during the treatment of bloat, or it can be done as a preventive measure in dogs with certain risk factors (sometimes it's performed alongside spaying and neutering).

Great Danes and Bloat

I love Great Danes and have owned several. Right now, I have two neutered males. Of all dog breeds, Danes are the most susceptible to dog bloat. In fact, most veterinarians agree that more than one-third of all Danes will experience at least one bout of bloat in their lives. This startling fact is why I became interested in learning more about the condition. It’s a shame that such a beautiful, gentle, noble breed would be at risk of such a terrible condition.

Of all the Great Danes I’ve owned, not a single one has ever experienced bloat. I’m not sure if I’ve just been lucky or whether that’s because I’m careful. We feed our dogs numerous small meals every day and encourage them to rest before and after eating. We don’t allow them to drink a lot of water with meals either. Our dogs live a pretty stress-free life, too. Their biggest stressor at home is having to get a bath. Outside the home, their largest stressor is having to go to the vet. Other than these two examples, our pooches are super laid-back and happy.

My Opinion About Raised Feeding Dishes

There is some debate about whether raised feeding dishes can help. Some dog experts think that they can help prevent bloat, while others say they actually encourage the condition. I’m not a vet, but from my personal experience with Great Danes, using raised feeding seems to help with digestion. I’ve had a couple of Danes that would often regurgitate their food when they ate from a floor-level dish. When we switched to raised food bowls, the dogs stopped throwing up.

If my boys ever do suffer from dog bloat, I’ll have the vet perform a gastropexy. I’m not sure how much it costs, but if it will save the lives of my two beloved companions, it will be well worth the price!

Resource

  • Understanding Inherited Causes of Canine Bloat: ScienceDaily
    Gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV), or bloat, is one of the leading causes of death in dogs, second only to cancer for some breeds, and the number one killer of Great Danes. Despite its prevalence, the cause of bloat is unknown.

Questions & Answers

Question: How can I treat my dog without carrying him to the vet?

Answer: You can't treat it at home. You need a vet!

Question: Can a dog with bloat survive without going to see a vet?

Answer: It's doubtful. Bloat, however, isn't as serious as gastric torsion, which often accompanies bloat.

Question: How long will a dog last with bloat at home?

Answer: Each case is different. My daughter's dog died just an hour after showing symptoms.

Question: Why does my dog have bloating in his stomach?

Answer: The bloat is caused by excess gas or liquid, which can put dangerous pressure on nearby organs, including the heart.

Question: How do I treat my dog naturally if they have bloat?

Answer: DO NOT try to treat bloat yourself! Get the dog to the vet!

Question: What should I do to prevent bloat in a street dog?

Answer: Since vets aren't sure exactly what causes bloat, there's really no good answer. Several small meals a day is recommended, however.

Question: Can a 3-month baby pitbull terrier get stomach bloat as well? I didn’t see the breed listed in your article.

Answer: Any breed can have bloat.

Question: Is bloat common in small dogs?

Answer: From what my vet says, any dog can get bloat, but it's much more common in larger breeds with deep chests.

Question: My dog doesn’t appear to have any of the symptoms above only a bloated belly and isn’t showing any pain, is a visit to the vet necessary, his stomach has been bloated for about 15 hours, so should a trip to the vet be taken?

Answer: Yes!

Donna on June 20, 2018:

I have a German shep/lab & 1she gorges her food. How can I slow down her eating? She acts like she had not eaten in weeks. I feed her 2× a day. Her weight is ok so i do not want to increase feeding. She gets 1 1/4 cup in am & 1-1/4 cup of dry food in PM along with1,tbsp of wet foo

Nayana on February 19, 2018:

I have a dog in my colony from years . whom i give food regular, now sudden his stomach is swelling although he is OK but he is unable to move and sometime he refuse to eat only drink milk. please suggest any simple home remedy. Bcoz

no body in colony will help me and i am unable to take him to vet.

Victor on January 21, 2018:

Can a puppy get bloat if I taking to much dry food for the first time in its life

Brianna on September 30, 2017:

I have a puggle and all of a sudden she seems to have a hard time jumping or going upstairs. She is eating. But have no clue what's wrong

DragonflyTreasure from on the breeze......... on February 19, 2017:

This is the first time I've heard of gastropexy . I lost a Great Dane 7 yrs ago to bloat, I still miss her everyday. She was 8 at the time. At that time I'm not sure I could have afforded the surgery, maybe that's why my vet didn't bring it up. I would love to have another some day.

Thank you for such an eye opening hub. Much needed info indeed!

The largest we have now is an Am Staff. I watch her closely and have a maze bowl for her as well as our chi and corgi/dobie mix. Not taking any chances with any of them. They all could be named Hoover! Being raised on a farm I've had dogs all my life and had never encountered bloat.

Saving this for the future, thanks so much again

candace on February 18, 2017:

My mothers 6 month old chihuahua is having extreme pain when hes held or when he tries to sit or he tries to lay down. Asking for any ideas what this could be from?

tailor on October 26, 2016:

My boerbull puppy won't eat if he does he vomits immediately. I suspect a twisted or obstructed intestine. Took it to the vet he charged consultation and said he is not sure what it is because he does not have an xray machine. He said take it home give it sugar and salt water till it dies. This is in Zimbabwe.

Ernesto on January 16, 2014:

My dog Just die of this condition Friday night she was 13 Years old, if I only new this. I though It was just gas and it will go away.

Bob Bamberg on August 01, 2012:

Nice job, habee. As you well know, there's a lot of conflicting information out there and your hub was well researched.

Like Mellypogg, I've seen a lot written about elevated dishes. The contemporary wisdom seems to be that elevated dishes enable the dogs to eat all the faster because the esophagus is kept straight.

Eating at floor level with the neck slightly bent interferes enough with swallowing to slow the dog's intake down. Hey, maybe I'll try that :)

Mellypogg from Bellingham on June 26, 2012:

Great article. The only thing I would add is that, according to Purdue University and the only in depth study done on bloat in dogs to date, feeding dogs from a raised dish does significantly increase risk of bloating.

DragonflyTreasure from on the breeze......... on June 04, 2012:

Thank you for writing such an informative article on this problem. My Great Dane (a stray) found me about 7 yrs ago, she was one at the time. Being new to this breed I researched as much as I could. I had never heard of bloat in dogs prior to this. I had always free fed my dogs in the past but switched to smaller meals twice a day after learning about bloat. Thank goodness she has never had a problem with this aweful affliction. Your tips and knowledge are greatly appreciated. Of all the breeds I have owned in the past, this has got to be the most sweetest and gentlest. Awesome hub, voted up ?

Holle Abee (author) from Georgia on January 12, 2011:

Glem, your dog would like me - all animals do! lol

Glemoh101 on January 07, 2011:

I like dogs , and i think my dog if he write your hub he will like you too!

Holle Abee (author) from Georgia on January 02, 2011:

Glad to hear that, Suzie!

Matherese, thanks a bunch!

matherese on January 02, 2011:

Another useful hub Habee, I will forward this information to my mother who is a dog lover

suziecat7 from Asheville, NC on December 26, 2010:

Great article. My poor Tanya was getting bloat. I immediately changed the dogs' diet to brown rice, veggies, chicken or beef. I also took away the rawhides which I thought might be the culprit. Tanya is fine now. This is an important Hub for people with dogs. Thanks.

Holle Abee (author) from Georgia on December 24, 2010:

Thanks, Rob, and Merry Christmas!

Holle Abee (author) from Georgia on December 24, 2010:

Thanks, Fix. I appreciate that!

Holle Abee (author) from Georgia on December 24, 2010:

thanks, HH. Always good to see you!

Holle Abee (author) from Georgia on December 24, 2010:

Karmic, we pretty much do the same thing. Our dogs "graze" all day!

Holle Abee (author) from Georgia on December 24, 2010:

Thanks for reading, Sophia!

Holle Abee (author) from Georgia on December 24, 2010:

Good to see you here, CJ! Merry Christmas Eve!

Rob from Oviedo, FL on December 23, 2010:

Very useful information.

the fix on December 22, 2010:

Had no idea this could kill dogs. I will share with all my friends!

Hello, hello, from London, UK on December 22, 2010:

Great informative hub. Very helpful to dog owners.

karmicfilly from Franklin, TN on December 22, 2010:

So glad you shared this information. As a lifelong dog owner I have not had this experience, thankfully. I do free feed my dogs though. I live on a farm and put a 50 lb bag out and they choose when and how much to eat. No obese dogs here just happy, content and balanced dogs. They may nibble as little as ten tiny pieces and then go off to nap.

In my experience it has worked with all my dogs which breeds have included border collie, golden retriever, labrador retriever, mutts, pappillion, boxer and bull mastiff. They all are happy and extremely healthy. They happen to live to over 15 years of age too including the large breeds.

Sophia Angelique on December 22, 2010:

Very informative hub. Thanks.

C.J. Wright on December 21, 2010:

Very interesting and usefull. Thanks for sharing.


Dog Bloat

Dog bloat is an extremely dangerous, often deadly, condition which usually comes on very suddenly and progresses with lightning speed.

Canine Bloat is also known as Gastric Dilatation Volvulus (GDV) or Gastric Torsion.

Being 'bloated' doesn't mean the same thing to dogs as it does to humans. We can be bloated, but not in danger. Bloat in dogs is very dangerous, and somewhat similar to Colic in horses.

The medical dictionary definitions of these three words describe what happens when a dog has bloat.

  • Gastric - means 'of the stomach'
  • Dilatation - means 'to dilate or become wider'
  • Volvulus - means 'abnormal twisting of gastrointestinal tract'

Basically what happens in bloat is that your dog's stomach becomes both filled with gas and twisted/rotated cutting off blood supply and any escape for the stomach contents/gases.

Risk Factors for Bloat in Dogs

Although experts can't give us one specific cause of bloat, there are certain risk factors that increase your dog's odds of experiencing it.

Risk factors for bloat in dogs include:

  • Being a large or giant breed
  • Having a deep chest in relation to body shape
  • Being male
  • Being middle-aged rather than a puppy or senior
  • Having and anxious, highly-strung personality
  • Eating a lot of food, or being a 'greedy' eater
  • Drinking lots of water quickly
  • Exercising vigorously right before/after eating and/or drinking
  • A family history of bloat in relatives
  • Eating a low quality diet

Although these can increase the odds of dog bloat happening, it can also occur without ANY of the above risk factors being in place.

Certain dog breeds also seem to have a higher risk of developing bloat. These breeds include:

  • Akitas
  • Alaskan Malamutes
  • Basset Hounds
  • Boxers
  • Cane Corsi
  • Chows
  • Doberman Pinschers
  • Golden Retrievers
  • Gordon Setters
  • German Shepherds
  • German Shorthair Pointers
  • Great Danes
  • Greyhounds
  • Irish Setters
  • Irish Wolfhounds
  • Labrador Retrievers
  • Newfoundlands
  • Old English Sheepdogs
  • Rottweilers
  • Saint Bernards
  • Standard Poodles
  • Weimeraners

But NO breed is safe from bloat and it can happen to a dog of any size, sex, age, or breed.

Immediate, emergency, veterinary care is a dog's only hope of survival and release from the excruciating pain GDV causes.

You can't 'wait-and-see', or take time to make an appointment.

Although this condition is so dangerous, it's also one that many dog owners are not aware of, or able to recognize the symptoms of, quickly enough.


Bloat in Dogs | Symptoms, Prevention and Treatment

Home » Dogs » Dog Health » Bloat in Dogs | Symptoms, Prevention and Treatment

We’ve all heard about bloating, and we’ve probably experienced it, but most of the cases that happen in humans are nothing in comparison to what dogs can go through. Dog bloat is a serious medical condition that can be very dangerous, even lethal. It calls for treatment right away, and there are some signs that you can recognize to take your pup to the vet as quickly as you can.

Let’s look at what dog bloat is, its causes, its clinical symptoms, whether it can be prevented, and the typical treatment that your dog might receive if he or she gets help in due time.

Just what is dog bloat?

A dog’s stomach can fill with food, fluid, or gas, and any of these will make it expand. The stomach then puts pressure on the nearby organs, but the most dangerous thing that can happen is that the full stomach could twist around its own axis, therefore stopping the blood flow from any other organ and to and from the gut or esophagus. This issue can effectively stop the blood flow to the dog’s heart, as well, or even cause a tear in the stomach wall.

Gastric dilatation volvulus is one type of bloat that’s characterized by the stomach rotating. This is a medical emergency and can even send your dog into shock.

Causes and risks

Big dogs are at a higher risk of developing gastric dilatation compared to small dogs, and that’s because they are equipped with bigger stomachs. Any dog parent knows that sometimes, a dog can get overly enthusiastic when meal time comes around and that he or she will gobble down the food as if the end of the world is right around the corner.

Statistically, there are breeds that are more prone to developing this medical condition, and they include Saint Bernards, Irish Setters, Weimaraners, Great Danes, Basset Hounds, Doberman Pinschers, Old English Sheepdogs, Gordon Setters, as well as Standard Poodles. Although bloat is more common in larger breeds, even Chihuahuas can suffer from it if there are any predisposing factors.

But what causes bloat, anyway? Feeding your dog a big meal just once a day is a predisposing factor, but since there is a genetic predisposition, it can also happen in pets that have parents or siblings that were affected by bloat, too. If your dog eats fast, is thin, or has a nervous temperament, he or she is at a higher risk of getting GDV. it also seems to happen more frequently in males than in females and in older dogs than in younger ones.

Bloat typically comes on very quickly, but it can also happen around two to three hours after you fed your dog – not necessarily right away. Some of the signs that you’ll notice pertain to stomach pain. The animal might drool, act restless, look anxious and look at his belly all the time, pace, and try to vomit without succeeding. As the condition progresses, you will notice that the dog’s gums become pale, that he or she is short of breath, has a rapid heartbeat, is weak, and eventually collapses.

If you have even the smallest suspicion that your dog has bloat, you need to take your pet to the clinic as soon as possible. This medical condition can effectively kill your canine companion if he or she doesn’t get treatment in time.

A set of simple measures can be taken to prevent your dog from suffering from gastric dilatation. You can start by feeding your dog twice or three times a day but don’t increase the amount of kibble or wet food. Just divide it from the big meal you used to feed him once a day so as to provide your dog with the nutrients he or she needs to be healthy but also avoid obesity.

Canned dog food is better at helping to prevent this medical condition, and that’s because it doesn’t expand inside the dog’s stomach. We’ve all seen how dry food can expand up to three times its original size when it comes in contact with liquid, so needless to say, that’s exactly what happens once the kibble absorbs the stomach juice.

Making your dog’s living environment a safe and calm one can help, too, especially if you’ve recently adopted a pooch from a shelter and you know that the animal might have gone through stressful situations in the past. Some dogs can be overprotective with their food and will act as if every meal is their last. Helping your pet relax is good both for his digestive system and for his behavior.

There are two practical ways in which you can prevent bloat in big dogs. One of them is by getting them a slow feed bowl, and another is by placing the bowl on a higher plane so that the food naturally goes into the stomach. It’s not exactly comfortable for a 120-pound dog to have to eat from the floor, and that’s because the food won’t go down into the stomach in a natural way.

Bloat can also happen because of a large amount of water that has been ingested too quickly. So, if it’s a hot summer day and your dog gets back into the house from playing in the yard for some time, you should never allow your pooch to drink too much water at once. Furthermore, after every somewhat larger meal, you should never let your dog run or play because physical exercise can cause an overfull stomach to twist around its own axis.

The treatment depends on how severe your dog’s condition is. The vet might try to put a tube down your pooch’s throat to try to dislodge some of the pressure that has built up. Sometimes, this can work and at least part of the air can get out, but in most cases, it does not, which is why the vet will have to perform an ultrasound-guided puncture effectively putting a hollow needle through the pet’s belly into the stomach.

If your dog is in shock, he might receive fluids through an IV, including steroids and antibiotics. An X-ray is what the vet will use to make a clear diagnosis. If your dog clearly has bloat, surgery is required to reposition the stomach.

Surgery is always associated with risks, and although it is pretty much the only type of treatment that can save your dog’s life, you also have to consider that some dogs might not be able to go through it. The severity of gastric dilatation is extreme to the point that it can lower a pet’s ability to put up with anesthesia or any type of ‘aggression’ caused by of medication and surgery. Bloat is often lethal both because the dog isn’t brought to the clinic in time and because the surgery takes a toll on the dog’s body. However, since it is the only option available, surgery must be attempted because in some cases, it can actually save the pet’s life.

Dog bloat can be prevented if you pay attention to your pooch’s diet, feeding, and exercise regimen.

In high-risk breeds, there is a prophylactic surgical intervention that can be performed to prevent volvulus (stomach twisting), but not the bloat. It is called gastropexy, and it consists of surgical attachment of the stomach to the body wall (peritoneum). It can drop the likelihood of volvulus by 75%, but you still have to avoid giving your dog too much food or water and then let him or her exercise.

Lifestyle changes can effectively prevent this medical condition, so avoid feeding your dog just once a day – switch to two to three smaller daily meals instead.

Because bloat can put your dog into shock very quickly, medical assistance is required as soon as you notice any of the symptoms we’ve highlighted earlier on.


What You Can Do to Help Prevent Future Bloat / GDV Episodes

We do know that breed, family history, stress (including a fast/nervous eating disposition), and the frequency and amount you feed all play a role in GDV/Bloat. Unfortunately, we don't know all of the factors that can contribute to the development of the condition in all dogs with absolute certainty . There is ongoing research into this subject and, ironically, one factor that was previously thought to decrease risk of GDV/Bloat — feeding from an elevated bowl — actually appears to increase it!

If your dog has previously suffered from Bloat, there are steps you can take to help prevent another episode. The gastropexy surgery your dog will undergo should prevent the stomach from ever twisting again. Though it can still distend.

    Talk to Your Vet: Work with your veterinarian to determine if there is an identifiable (and treatable) condition that contributed to your dog's GDV/Bloat episode. Conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease, food allergies, and other disorders that slow down gut movement may contribute to the development of GDV/Bloat.

Small Portions: Feed multiple, small meals throughout the day, rather than one large meal daily, or even multiple large meals.

Reduce Stress: Decrease stress for your dog, especially around eating time. If your dog is protective of their food and scarfs it rapidly to prevent your other dogs from getting to it, consider separating your dogs during feedings so everyone can eat more calmly.

Slow Down Eating: If your dog scarfs down their food rapidly, even in the absence of any other dogs or other perceived threats around them, slow down their rate of eating by feeding them from an interactive/puzzle feeder. The food puzzles and feeders below are some of our favorites. They are easy to wash, durable, and should slow down your dog's eating significantly. Plus, they present a variety of difficulty levels so you can find a feeder for your dog that won't be too frustrating. PRO TIP: It used to be recommended to put a brick or large rock in your dog's bowl to slow them down. Don't do this! You'd be unnecessarily increasing your dog's risk of breaking a tooth, which is another painful and expensive condition to treat. Just go with one of the interactive/puzzle feeders recommended below. They're far cheaper than paying for a tooth extraction, and far more stylish (and effective) than a rock or brick, too!

The Outward Hound Slow Feeder Bowl encourages your pup to eat up to 10 times slower with its puzzle design. It's two-cup capacity and non-slip base make this a fun, interactive way for your dog to eat.

Outward Hound Slow Feeder Bowl
Buy on Amazon | Buy on Chewy

This Green Interactive Feeder , which is made to look like a tuft of grass, turns your dog's meal into a challenging, time-consuming game.

Northmate Green Interactive Feeder
Buy on Amazon | Buy on Chewy

Kong makes a variety of highly popular rubber chew toys and interactive feeders. They state that their products " undergo rigorous testing. by independent laboratories ," which is part of the reason that Kong is one of our top picks for non-toxic dog toys . If your dog is a fan of Kong toys, the oversized Kong Wobbler is a fun way to slow down meals. The puzzle toy has a screw off base that allows you to fill with their food, then dispenses food as it tips and slides, making mealtime fun!

To see a slow feeder in action, check out Loki enjoying his.

Please share your dog's GDV/Bloat experience in this short anonymous survey

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What happens when a dog has bloat?

The distended stomach presses on the diaphragm and other internal organs, causing problems with the circulation and respiratory system. This makes it difficult for your dog to breathe and for their heart to get blood and oxygen around the body, as it should. Your dog will very rapidly go into shock. While the stomach is twisted, the blood supply to the stomach and also sometimes the spleen is affected meaning that the stomach wall and spleen can start to die.


Watch the video: Bloat in a dog. How to diagnose GDV, and why an acutely distended abdomen might be an emergency. Co (July 2021).