5 Steps of the Pedigree for Dogs

Much is said about pedigree in the world of dogs and cats, however, the vast majority of the public that is interested in this world does not know exactly what are the conditions and processes by which an animal must go through to receive this title. In summary, the Pedigree certificate indicates the main characteristics of a domestic animal according to a specific breed standardization, showing the ancestry of the animal until its third generation and classifying it as a purebred pet.

It is not any animal that can receive this type of certificate, considering that the pedigree it is only given to animals that go through this detailed process and are not the result of any kind of mixture between different breeds - something extremely common today.

To better illustrate how specific the characteristics of the animal that seeks this certificate should be, just remember the large number of special breeders present in Brazil and around the world today; who dedicate themselves exclusively to the breeding of purebred breeds, even if for that, in most cases, they have to bring specimens from other regions and countries.

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Currently, the country has only one body that issues this type of certificate and is recognized worldwide, known as CBKC (Confederação Brasileira de Cinofilia). Through the assessment made by the entity, the animal in question must meet several types of specific characteristics so that it can be considered pedigree bearer, including factors such as coat, color, size and weight, among others.

SOBRACI - Sociedade Brasileira de Cinofilia, also issues the pedigree registration in Brazil and, although this is considered one of the most complete records of purebred in relation to the number of information, it is not really valid, since it has no recognition outside of Brazil.

In addition to certifying the pure breed of a pet, the pedigree certificate it also includes the animal's family tree to at least its great-grandparents; also presenting the various titles and championships that may have been won during their lives. The owners of the pet in question are also registered as owners of the animals in this special register. Know, in this article, the main factors necessary for your purebred pet to withdraw its Pedigree registration.

Pedigree rules

According to the Brazilian Cinofilia Confederation, the Pedigree certificate is granted to animals that meet the standard characteristics of their breed and, therefore, must be puppies of other dogs that also have the certificate. Registration can be requested, mainly, through clubs affiliated with CBKC - which receive the request from the kennels that sell the pet and forward it to the confederation's authorization.

In the portal of the entity, there is a huge list of the recognized breeds in Brazil and in the world, where the main attributes of each one are specified, including appearance, personality, coat texture, body characteristics (head, neck, chest, tail patterns) , limbs, etc.), height, weight, color, skin, and even what kind of faults and deviations from the standard can eliminate or penalize the animal that seeks the purebred certificate.

Not all breeds can receive the certificate, as many of them are not on the official CBCK list. However, today, there are about 350 breeds recognized worldwide, and the best known by the general public are already part of this package, such as German Shepherd, Boxer, Bulldog, Dobermann, Fila Brasileiro and Rottweiller, among others.

The request for the certificate is almost always made by the kennel that sells the purebred puppies and, so that this process can be started and you can receive the pedigree record your dog, it is necessary to:

  • That the registration of purebred puppies is done up to 90 days after the birth of the litter (after this period the person who asks for the registration must pay a fine)
  • Keep in hand: 1) A copy of the puppy's mother and father's Pedigree and 2) The litter map (or information of the puppy in question) with name, sex, color, kennel data and the animal's parents, in addition to the signature of the owners of the dogs involved in breeding;
  • That the duly completed documents are delivered to the affiliated club of the city where the puppy lives (where the pedigree request will be filed and the fees related to the process will be paid);
  • That all documentation be forwarded to CBKC - which is based in Rio de Janeiro - so that it can be properly checked and, then, an ID number for the dog and its Pedigree certificate can be provided.
  • That done, it will be the affiliated club that will receive the registration, and it will be up to it to send the owner of the dog the certificate and all the ready documentation.

In addition to pedigree record, CBKC also awards certificates in different complementary categories to those who work with purebred dogs, including certificates for breeding, exhibition, arbitration and genealogical registration, among others.

The importance of pedigree

In addition to ensuring the purity of your dog's breed, the Pedigree registration allows your pet to be used for breeding purebred puppies and is necessary for the animal to be able to participate in any type of official exhibition or competition of animals in the Brazilian Confederation of Cinofilia.

Functioning as a “guarantee certificate”, the pedigree it also ensures that the owner of the animal in question has, in advance, a series of more detailed information about the puppy, which is less likely to show changes in behavior, appearance and possible physical disabilities throughout life - in relation to the animals that are fruit of the mixture of races.

In Brazil, the certificate is already considered, today, as a synonym for a higher purchase price of the animal, considering that not all purebred dogs are certified. This reason also ends up being a factor that contributes to the small number of pedigree registrations in Brazil, considering that a good part of the owners who acquire purebred pets - and do not intend to participate in competitions or exhibitions - prefer not to have the registration to have to pay a much higher amount in addition to the puppy itself to secure the document.

In order to have an idea of ​​how much the number of certificates issued here is lower, it is enough to mention that the annual average of records of pedigree in Brazil it is around 90 thousand, while in the United States, this number reaches about 1,450 million a year.

Pedigree recognition

There are many doubts among those seeking a pedigree certificate for their dog regarding the recognition of the certificate at an international level. Since CBKC (Confederação Brasileira de Cinofilia) and SOBRACI (Sociedade Brasileira de Cinofilia) are the most well-known entities in Brazil, the doubt is even greater, since many owners do not know if they can trust the validity of the records of both.

To clarify this issue - which has as its conclusion the fact that only the CBKC pedigree certificate it is accepted worldwide - we explain the origin of the entities and the main factors that differentiate them.

Created in 1911 in a partnership between Belgium, Germany, the Netherlands, Austria and France, the FCI (International Cinological Federation) is the main world entity responsible for the recognition and standardization of breeds and pedigree certificates. Internationally recognized, the FCI - based in Belgium - is the only one capable of exchanging dog documents between the different Kennel Clubs the world (affiliated clubs).

As the Brazilian Cinofilia Confederation is the only Brazilian entity recognized as affiliated to the International Cinological Federation, it is clear that only CBKC is able to issue pedigree documents with worldwide validity.

The Brazilian Cinophilia Society also claims to be affiliated with the FCI, however, in this case, the acronym has the meaning of the International Dog Federation (Spanish entity) which, like SOBRACI, is autonomous, and not recognized worldwide - the which makes it impossible to guarantee internationally the validity of its certificates.

Although SOBRACI's certificates contain even more information than the records of pedigree issued by CBKC (including data from up to four canine generations and even a “fingerprint” of the puppy) they may not be accepted for your pet to be registered in the various types of international canine competition and exhibition.

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