I am a pet lover who enjoys educating people about maintaining the fish in their aquariums.
People who have an aquarium as a hobby usually make mistakes that lead to their fish becoming ill or even dying. Unsuccessful outcomes can cause a lot of frustration, and many will leave the hobby even though they have already invested heavily in equipment, medicine, and fish.
This is a list of common mistakes you might make, along with recommendations to avoid them.
Nine Common Errors in Fishkeeping
- Overfeeding your fish
- Overcrowding your aquarium
- Becoming obsessed with your fish
- Not setting up adequate filtration
- Excessively cleaning your tank
- Using the wrong substrate
- Not adding plants to the tank
- Using excessive medication
- Taking advice from anybody
1. Overfeeding Your Fish
Do not overfeed your fish. If we stuff them, not only will there will be leftover food floating in the tank, but they will defecate excessively, which causes dirty water. Plus, when the organic matter decomposes, it will poison the water.
To avoid this, carefully follow the feeding instructions for each type of fish. Remember that fish are cold-blooded creatures. The lower the water temperature, the less active our friends will be, and, therefore, the less food you will need to give them. Even with active fish in warm water, you should only feed them in moderation (not more than what they can eat in two minutes without leaving any pieces on the bottom of the tank).
A good rule of thumb is to feed them once or twice a day. Never make the mistake of feeding them every time they ask for it.
2. Overcrowding Your Aquarium
Fish are living creatures that generate waste. This waste tends to spoil the delicate water. The more fish you keep, the more food is given, and the more waste is created. This results in an aquarium environment that is toxic and unstable.
Try to equip your aquarium with the correct ratio of fish per liter of water. This ratio can vary depending on the size of fish, the water quality, and the filtration system you are using. You can apply the rule of 40 liters of water per adult fish, although this rule is flexible. If you have excellent filtration, the correct ratio will be lower, but in the case of a corrupt filtration system, the ratio will be much higher.
It is also important that you choose compatible species. You cannot mix aggressive fish, or they will fight each other. Likewise, fish with different water needs cannot be kept in the same aquarium.
3. Becoming Obsessed With Your Fish
Fish do not require constant care and attention. They are not like dogs who need frequent exercise and a lot of affection. You should stop trying to look for signs of illness all the time and stop placing or rearranging decoration, plants, and gravel. If you get obsessed, you’ll end up playing inside the aquarium every day, changing the water circulation, cleaning the filters and sand, and thus causing stress and problems for your fish.
If you want your fish to be happy and healthy, then leave things alone. Your aquarium does not have to be perfect, just in good living condition. A biologically active aquarium is achieved only when the water flow is stable, gravel is set, and filters are not handled. The best results are obtained with less care. An established aquarium becomes very stable and consumes nitrogen elements by itself.
4. Not Setting Up Adequate Filtration
Aquariums usually come with simple, standard filters that you will need to upgrade if you want to give your fish the best living conditions.
Provide a superior filtration system recommended by filter manufacturers—but, at the same time, avoid ones that create strong water currents. You may also want to consider purchasing two filters.
Take, for example, an aquarium of 100 liters with a recommended 100-liter aquarium filter. In theory, this should be adequate. But if one day you have an excess amount of waste, the filter will not be able to handle it, and you’ll end up with a mess. So, to be sure that your aquarium water will be adequately filtered, I recommend getting an extra one of equal or greater capacity. Why? If one filter starts to fail or some debris gets stuck in it and reduces the water flow, there will always be another one to work as a backup.
It is also advisable to always have two filters because having opposite water currents will not create dead zones where debris can accumulate. By alternating between filters, you can ensure that the existing biological load in the aquarium is always able to decompose organic residues. Filters are the most expensive part of an aquarium, but they are necessary in keeping your beloved exotic fish happy.
5. Excessively Cleaning Your Tank
An aquarium should look clean, but the secret to a healthy aquarium is that it is always partially dirty. If you have a totally clean aquarium, you’ll only end up with "dead water,” which turns it into a breeding ground for diseases and problems. Dead water means that the water does not contain any beneficial bacteria that can help decompose waste.
Water changes need to be made only when the tests indicate so. You should track your water quality regularly to know when to do water changes, and you should not do them when you do not need to.
Cleaning your filters should not be associated with water changes. If you clean the filters when you change the water, you’ll be killing all the great bacteria that help reduce most of the spoilage from organic remains.
6. Using the Wrong Substrate
There are many kinds of gravel, but some are not ideal for fish aquariums.
- Colored pebbles usually have dyes that can negatively affect the health of your fish.
- Coarse gravel tends to accumulate feces and uneaten food that will rot and contaminate the water.
- Excessively fine gravel tends to cause stagnant water that gets trapped below the surface of the gravel, which leads to rot and pollution.
Use the correct gravel: medium grain with no artificial colors. You could also add some volcanic gravel.
7. Not Adding Plants to the Tank
Having no plants means there will be no nitrate removal, and excess nitrate will poison your fish.
I recommend providing ample amounts of plants in each aquarium. Plants will eliminate nitrates through absorption and also tend to be very tasty and nutritional for your fish.
8. Using Excessive Medication
Fish do not need immediate treatment every time they are sick.
Treatments should be administered within reason, and you should be very knowledgeable about when medicine should be given and the required dosage. Remember that medicine is a poison designed to kill any organisms that attack your fish. If you give your fish the incorrect dosage, it will kill them instead. Before administering medicine, follow the advice of experts and ask what the recommended dose is.
Finally, remember that not all illnesses can be cured by using treatments. It is better to move the fish to a separate tank with clean water, tranquility, and peace so that they can recover in a more natural way.
9. Taking Advice From Anybody
Many people are not qualified to give advice about keeping aquariums, especially fish sellers. They might not be acting in bad faith, but they have a business to sustain. They have to make sales, so many of them will not hesitate when giving you bad advice, as long as it allows them to close a good deal.
Among people who are not prepared to advise others are those who visit online forums. It is not uncommon to see cases where poorly informed suggestions about medications and dosages are passed around. Many fish have died because people take bad advice from forums.
When buying fish or aquarium equipment, it is important to consider a second opinion. If you ask something in a forum, do not run away with the first answer. Wait for second opinions if things do not seem clear.
Be Patient and Focus on Your Aquarium's Health
Be patient. Like everything in life, having an aquarium takes time. You wouldn’t try to fix the world in an hour, so you shouldn’t expect your aquarium to be in tip-top shape in a morning. Patience, good advice, good accessories, and a desire to have a healthy aquarium is the right combination for a successful hobby.
Hunting can be an excellent way to get good food and farming can be the same, but too many players miss out on fishing for food. This is because tracking down The Trader to buy a fishing pole can be a bit of work. Players need to gather up 350 coins to purchase it, but once they do, it's worth heading there right away to buy a pole and get fishing.
It's easy to build up a house on a base, but far too many players forget to even build walls. That or players don't use a strong material like Core Wood to try and build up those walls. No one needs monsters storming into their camp, and a good set of walls can save players from a lot of hassle. Just don't forget to install some gates as well!
10. You don’t train to the individual dog
Every dog has a distinct personality and behavioural profile. Though breed helps determine this, the individual dog’s character must be understood before training can succeed. As a trainer, you must determine what methods will work best with your dog.
For example, most retrievers are very sociable and can handle lots of people or dogs around them. But try this with a Chow Chow or Shiba Inu, and you may be in for a surprise. Likewise, a dog with a high food drive will respond to treats, while a dog with a low food drive may require a different muse. A shy dog will fare poorly with a robust training technique, whereas a swashbuckling dog might not even hear the gentle appeals coming from a trainer with a less hardy style. Think timid Toy Poodle versus rowdy Rottweiler.
If you have a shy dog, plan on showing a saint’s patience. Train peacefully, with little distractions at first. Train to the dog’s limitations, but plan to gradually sneak in social situations to desensitize and build confidence. If your dog is a big, bulldozing lummox, be just as big, just as hearty. Know that this dog can be challenged more than that timid dog. And know that, because of its size and strength, you simply must achieve control over it, especially in social situations. For dogs in between, reason out a training strategy based upon personality, size, age, energy, breed, and history.
If you stick to these basic guidelines, you’ll slowly redefine yourself as the resident trainer, and not just your dog’s concierge. Practice, succeed, be confident, and have fun with your protégé!
Cat Feeding Mistakes: Too Much Food
Probably the most common mistake people make when feeding cats is over-feeding, says Joe Bartges, DVM, PhD, DACVIM, DACVN, professor of medicine and nutrition, the Acree Endowed Chair of Small Animal Research, in the College of Veterinary Medicine, at the University of Tennessee. “Obesity is the most common nutritional disease seen in cats.”
Alth ough a pudgy kitty may look kind of cute, obesity is associated with cat health issues including diabetes , arthritis , and urinary tract disease. In fact, Bartges tells WebMD that cats may suffer from something similar to that very human condition, metabolic syndrome.
It’s not necessarily that we’re intentionally giving our cats more food than they need, says Linda P. Case, MS, author of The Cat: Its Behavior, Nutrition, and Health. It’s that our kitties “are more sedentary, as compared to the days when they were barn cats and more active. They're little couch potatoes now, their nutrition needs are much lower, so it's easy to overfeed them.”
So how much food does your cat need? That’s a question best answered by a professional, though recommendations range between 24 to 35 calories a day per pound, to keep cats at a normal, healthy weight.
Yet many of us don’t really know what normal looks like, so “I encourage people to ask their vet to help them determine their cat's body condition score,” says Susan G. Wynn, DVM, a veterinary nutritionist in Georgia and author of Manual of Natural Veterinary Medicine. “That way they will recognize abnormal and work toward normal.”
If long-haired dogs and cats aren't regularly groomed the fur on their ears can become thickly matted — but that doesn't mean you should grab your scissors and chop it off.
"Matts are difficult to brush or comb out, so sometimes pet owners decide to take matters into their own hands and cut them out with scissors," Christie Long, veterinarian and head of veterinary medicine at Modern Animal, told Insider. "This is a mistake. Because it can be difficult to determine where the matt ends and the ear itself begins, it's easy to cut the ear."
The best way to deal with matted fur is to use a soft-bristled brush to gently comb out the matt. If this isn't possible — or you have an uncooperative pet — a trip a professional groomer may be in order.