The allergic reaction in dogs and cats (especially when acute) is a very serious occurrence and can become an emergency, and, if no immediate action is taken, it can even lead the animal to death.
Causing hypersensitivity - which can occur in both humans and animals - in the presence of an allergy-causing agent, the allergic reaction in dogs and cats it happens mildly or severely, causing symptoms ranging from itching to acute death.
Learn, below, what are the fundamental first aid for this type of picture:
- Keep the animal's neck stretched to facilitate the entry and exit of air to the lungs
- Pay attention to the environment in which the animal was at the time of the start of the reaction, in order to notice the causative agent of the problem
- Take the dog or cat to the nearest veterinary clinic or hospital immediately, allowing the necessary assistance to be provided
As some examples of agents that induce allergic reactions in dogs and cats (which, as mentioned, may be mild or severe) we can quote:
- Venoms from venomous animals
- Some worms
While the liver system is the most affected in the case of dogs, in cats it is the respiratory part that suffers the most important repercussions. However, the presentation of symptoms may vary according to the aggressiveness of the inoculated or ingested substance, as well as the response of the pet's organism to the aggressor.
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Among the most apparent symptoms in dogs, depending on the degree of allergic reaction provoked, itching, vomiting, diarrhea, edema of the face and even severe dysfunctions of the cardiorespiratory system can be noticed. In the case of felines, itching, increased salivation, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, respiratory distress and cardiovascular collapse are the most common signs.
What is common to both species is the risk of death if there is no immediate care - thus justifying the need for the animal involved to be treated at the emergency service of a veterinary hospital as soon as possible.
Given the presence of the veterinarian, it is important to try to remember details that help to elucidate the case, such as whether the animal has recently had a vaccine, if different foods have been given, if the region of the event is prone to accidents due to animal bites venomous, if medications were administered (either on their own or with a veterinarian's prescription) and how long ago the worms medicine was administered.
After the stabilization of the dog or cat condition - which is done through emergency procedures, oxygen therapy, medications such as corticosteroids (caution due to possible reaction), anti-allergy agents, fluids (serum) and even adrenaline use (in cases of collapse) cardiovascular); laboratory tests can be performed, starting with blood count, kidney, liver function, electrolytes and urine allergic reaction.
For this reason, it is usually necessary to hospitalize these animals in the service of semi or intensive veterinary therapy - allowing the observation of the pet and the realization of treatments that help to inhibit or eliminate what has started the clinical symptoms.