How to Safely Pick Up and Hold a Pet Rat

Peri has worked in pet retail for over ten years. She has owned betta fish, dogs, fancy mice, fancy rats, geckos, hamsters, and more.

How to Handle a New Pet Rat

Taking home a new pet rat is an exciting event, and it can be hard to fight the urge to pick up your new friend and love them right away. However, keep in mind that new pets need time to settle in before warming up to their new owners; your rats need time to get to know you and bond. Consider the following advice when gaining your new rat’s trust, and have plenty of patience!

1. Let Your Rat Settle in for a Few Days

When you first bring your rat home, don’t immediately start trying to bond with it. The move from the pet store or breeder to your home has likely left your new friend nervous and stressed. It is best to simply place your rat in its new home (be it a cage or tank) and let him settle in. Make sure your rat has a full bottle of water, some food, and some chew toys to relieve stress with. A nest is also a must, whether it is a store-bought hideaway or a simple box full of soft bedding or material. Don’t force your new friend out of its cage—remember to be patient and understanding.

Note: If you are introducing a new rat to another rat you already own, do not place them in the same space right away. They need time to bond, too.

2. Let Your Rat Come to You

After a couple of days of relaxation, you can begin bonding with your new pet rat. To do this properly, you must let your rat come to you; grabbing your rat forcefully will not help build trust. When you first try to reach out to your new friend, expect your rat to be cautious and unsure—this is normal. Introduce yourself to your rat in a slow, step-by-step process: luring your rat further and further toward the door of the cage and out to your hand is the best way to go.

3. Entice Your Pet Rat With Treats

Treats are helpful when trying to coax your new rat out of hiding and onto your hand. Munching on treats is a positive experience for rats—associating this experience with you helps the bonding experience. You can use store-bought small animal treats, such as dried fruits and nuts, or rat-safe human treats. If your rat is especially nervous, try offering some yogurt or unsweetened applesauce on a spoon; these are treats your rat cannot run away and hide with. Over time, you can lead your rat further out of its home with treats and build up trust.

4. Let Your Rat Smell Your Hand Before Petting

Once you’ve gotten your new pet rat to leave its hideaway, you’ll both be curious about each other. Place your hand where your rat can reach and simply let it smell you. Rats learn a lot about their environment through their sense of smell and taste; over time, your rat will recognize your scent as friendly and familiar.

Be sure to keep your hand still while your rat sniffs you out—sudden movements make your furry friend nervous. Because rats use their teeth to determine the contents of their environment, your rat may nibble at your fingers or knuckles. If your pet rat nibbles (or bites) you, don’t be discouraged: Making a loud “eep” noise will discourage this behavior—it’s how rats tell each other they don’t like what is going on!

5. Pet Your Rat Around the Head and Ears

If your rat has started to feel comfortable around your hands and fingers, try petting them! Rats are social animals and enjoy physical contact. Petting your rat reinforces bonding time and makes them more trusting of your hands. Most rats especially love being pet around their head and behind their ears—it’s like a little rat massage! Be slow and gentle when petting your rat for the first time: you want your new pet to know that you won’t hurt or scare them.

Picking Up and Holding Your Pet Rat

In the beginning, no rat enjoys being picked up by their owner. Imagine being swept up into the air by a creature several times your size and held several feet above the ground! Scooping up and holding your pet rat is more than grabbing them by their middle and lifting them out of their cage; follow the tips below to make the process easy and painless.

1. Wait Until Your Rat Is Tired

A tired rat is far less energetic and squirmy than a rat that’s been awake for an hour; when you plan on picking up your pet rat for the first time, try to do it when they are exhausted. Rats are nocturnal by nature and tend to sleep for hours during the day. If you approach your rat during their sleep schedule or just as they are waking up, they will be less skittish and much easier for you to handle.

2. Be Slow and Gentle With Your Rat

As emphasized above, sudden movements will frighten your pet rat and make them reluctant to approach you for a while. Once your rat is comfortable around you and your hands, you can slowly begin to pick up your rat! Try easing your fingers under your rat’s belly while petting it: rat’s don’t always like being pet on their stomachs, but the optimal way to pick up your rat involves scooping your rat up this way.

Never Pick up Your Rat by the Tail!

"Many small mammals are able to induce degloving of their tails to escape capture; this is comparable to tail autotomy in reptiles."


3. Scoop One Hand Under Your Rat’s Belly

You’ll have the most stability when picking up your rat by scooping one hand under its belly; lifting your rat from this central point will help maintain balance and give you a better grip on your rat. Since your pet rat is likely to be squirmy, you want to be sure not to let it jump out of your hand and fall to the floor. When you scoop your rat up from under its belly, try to let it rest its tail along your arm or on your hands. Your rat’s long tail helps with balance and is likely to swing around in the air. More importantly, never pick your rat up by its tail! You can damage it this way, and your rat’s body regulates heat through the tail—its safety is essential.

4. Use Two Hands When Picking up Your Rat

After you’ve picked your rat up from beneath its belly, use your other hand to cup above it for added security. Rats are quick, especially when they are little babies, and can jump out of an open hand and possibly injure themselves. Using two hands will also make your furry friend feel more safe in your grasp. The more you pick up your rat this way, the more comfortable they will become with you!

5. Take Your Rat With You Around the House

So your rat finally lets you pick it up without a fuss? To improve your relationship, let it crawl around on your arms and perch on your shoulders. Pet rats enjoy hanging around with their owners and your shoulders provide the perfect place for them to sit while you walk or lounge around. If you are wearing a sweatshirt, try letting your rat sit in your hood! They will feel secure there, and have plenty of room to relax. Who knows, your furry friend may even fall asleep on you!

Questions & Answers

Question: I had very little info about rats when I got him, and my friend (who had rats before me) didn't help and she was really mean to my rat. Now he hates any physical contact that I attempt to make (he bites and draws blood) but has a positive reaction when I talk to him. How can I fix my relationship with my pet rat?

Answer: You can slowly try to warm him up to human contact again with treats. Something really enticing, like rat-safe people food. Do it like you are trying to lure a new rat out of its cage - open the door and offer the treats. Don't try to grab him out of the cage. You can even feed treats like baby food or tuna from a spoon - it will be irresistible and put some distance between you. You can then try to move on to feeding from your hand if he begins to trust you more, and eventually lead up to physical contact. I'm sorry that your friend treated your rat this way, and hope he will warm up to you over time.

Question: I have a recent (unexpected) rat mom. She is very hostile when guarding her kits. How do I get her away to check on them without getting bit again?

Answer: I don't have experience with rat moms and their babies. Is there a food she finds irresistible that you could lure her away with? Maybe a bit of rat-safe human food that smells really good?

Question: Can I use newspapers cut into strips for my rat's cage?

Answer: I would not, only because I'm unsure how well it will hold up once wet. Store-bought paper bedding is recycled paper but made to absorb more.

Question: How do I train my pet rat to ring a desk bell?

Answer: That sounds like a fun trick! You could lure him over to the bell with a treat and get him to step on it before rewarding him. I'm sure if he does it enough, he'll learn that the bell equals food!

Question: My rats run away with any food they have. Even from the food dish! Why are they so scared of food? Is it just being out in the open that they don’t like? Please help. I want to bond with daisy and rosy and they are so adorable!

Answer: My rats loved to hoard their food in the bottom of their cage. It's normal behavior. If this is what your girls are doing, try feeding them somewhere outside of the cage, and close their doors so that they cannot run back in. Ours learned to eat treats on the couch with us that way.

Question: What do I do if my rat bites me? (And doesn't draw blood?)

Answer: If it bites you by accident, then it was an accident. You can "eep" loudly to vocalize that you don't like that behavior. Rats don't have the best eyesight, and sometimes they make a mistake (or get frightened) and bite in response. If you are instead referring to aggressive behavior, you may need to try to build up trust with your rat. And no matter what happens, always wash where you were bitten with soap and water, and clean it appropriately.

Question: I would like to have a rat but I also have cats. Is this a bad idea?

Answer: Potentially. It depends on your cat and how they behave around other animals.

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on December 27, 2018:

@Emma Are you letting Lucy come out of the cage to smell you, or is she always in that corner? When I got my two boys earlier this year, he was always hiding in the top corner of the cage. Try putting a yummy treat on a spoon, something like plain yogurt or baby food, that she can't pick up and run away with. Over time you may be able to lure her further away from her corner, and help build trust between you!

Emma on December 26, 2018:

I got two female feeder rats a couple days ago, and I’ve been letting them smell and nibble my hand everyday, but one of them (her name is Lucy) seems very shy and nervous. She’s always cooped up in their corner in the cage, and when I’d put my hand where she was to smell me, she bites my finger very hard and it bleeds. This is my first time having rats, and after Lucy biting me, I got too scared to let them smell my hand. What can I do for both Lucy and me to have more trust?

Nickie on October 29, 2018:

We have 3 boys. We've had them about three months now. They are so sweet and so much fun. My daughter and I just love those little guys. We let them out in her bedroom and sit on the floor with them. They crawl all over us and give little love nips. Best little pets in the world.

:) on October 12, 2018:


Jessica Peri (author) from United States on September 04, 2018:

@Kirsty It sounds like they just need time to get to know you! I'd let them settle in for a few days, but you can try luring them out slowly with tasty treats. You can use store-bought rat-safe treats, or rat-safe human food if they need more incentive. Mine have always loved blueberries! There's a list floating around of rat-safe foods that will help you decide if something is okay to feed them. Once you can lure them out of their hiding spots and at the cage doors, you can work on getting them to smell and walk on to your hands!

Kirsty on September 04, 2018:

Hi. We bought 2 pet rats yesterday (both female). We were told to start handling them today but we can’t get them out their 3 level cage. From what I’ve read here it seems that we should give them more time to settle in and adjust. Any tips on handling them would be greatly appreciated please.

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on June 15, 2018:

@Ashton Welch It makes me so happy when others realize how loving rats are! Enjoy your new furbabies.

Ashton Welch on June 13, 2018:

I have two female rats and they are so great I have had them for 3 months now they are the sweetest pet ever

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on April 28, 2018:

I've paid around $10 for one rat at the store in the past. My current rat cage (All Living Things Rat Starter Kit) is $100. The kit comes with the water bottle, dish, wheel, a sample of food, and a sample of bedding. I personally feed Oxbow brand food though - it's healthier than the seed blend included in the kit. You can find it online and in some stores - I last bought the Young Mouse and Rat formula for about $13.

I'd also buy a bag of paper bedding when getting everything set up, since the sample included won't get you very far. I just use store brand, about $15 for a bigger bag. They also need sticks to chew - I got a bundle of long willow sticks for $3 or $4.

If you got all of those things in your shopping trip, it would cost about $142. Other accessories to consider are a hideaway for them to nest in, and hammocks to hang from the ceiling of the cage. I'd personally recommend the plastic Critter Space Pod - my rats have always destroyed fabric hammocks, and the plastic is a lot easier to clean.

I'd also recommend paying the extra money to get another rat - they do a lot better in pairs and really thrive with companionship. And don't forget treats!

Iris(Eye-ris) on April 28, 2018:

About how much money does it take to get one rat with everything? I want one so bad! And I think I have enough. I just wanted to hear it from someone who has a rat.

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on March 30, 2018:

@Ava I hope you get some! They are such great pets.

Ava on March 23, 2018:

I really want 2 female pet rats

Alexis on October 21, 2017:

I have 2 pet store boys. I've had them about 2 months. I've done all that you've suggested since the time I've gotten them and they're still super skittish. We've gotten to the point where I can pick them up for a couple of seconds, then they jump down. One actually got so freaked he jumped off of me and hid under the couch. Wouldn't even come out for food. Now I'm scared to take them out of their cage at all. I'm just wondering if I'm doing something wrong or other suggestions. They love to climb on my arms and to my shoulder, but bolt if I move. They will climb on my hands and lick my hands but if I try to pet them they squirm away. They loving giving me kisses, even on my face. I'd love to let them chill with me on the couch, but they just aren't trusting enough yet.

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on October 19, 2017:

@Sylvia He may just need time to bond and adjust. If he was attacked and beat up a lot before he came to you, he may just be wary of trusting others. Is he doing all right with your other rat?

Sylvia on October 13, 2017:

I started caring for my sons rat when he had to leave for a while and I fell in love!! Now he's with me permanatley. He's so wonderful he has great body language telling me what he wants from me and he loves to hang out with me..and absolutely loves to eat anything I give him!! My problem is I wanted him to have a friend so I went to the pet store and got one that was pretty beat up looking missing part of his tail etc. I felt sorry for him and wanted to save him he's been getting better but he's bitten both my sons and I'm nervous to handle him... I know he's interested in me and I let him smell my hand but he's very shy (they are both feeders) why is one so secure and the other so frightful and timid?

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on September 07, 2017:

@Mat I'm glad it helped you!

Mat McF on September 06, 2017:

Thank you for telling me this stuff it was very helpful.

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on July 11, 2017:

@Ruby Kelly You rescued a rat? That's so sweet of you! Poor thing. I hope your interactions continue to go well.

Ruby Kelly on July 11, 2017:

This is great my baby rat (used to be wild but got injured) is know letting me touch his head occasionally and soon hopefully will warm up to the next step thank you

Flower on March 29, 2017:

I just got a rat today, and i've been doing some things wrong, like instantly trying to pick her up. This really helped, and I hope it works (my sister's rat just bit me, oh how fun ☹️)

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on February 12, 2017:

@Marley Gronfors Congratulations! I've never had male rats, but from what I understand they are more relaxed than females (and thus make better cuddle buddies). And I think albino ratties are really cute - they deserve more love than a lot of people give them. Enjoy your new rat babies!

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on February 12, 2017:

@Payton's rat cake - If she seems healthy otherwise I think it's okay? Are you playing with her a lot before she gets tired? If she seems lethargic after being in her cage all day, she could be feeling lonely.

Payton's rat cake on February 11, 2017:

I have a rat named cake and she's a good rat she gets tired so fast is that good or bad?? Maybe it's because she's the only one and she doesn't have another rat friend but we did have another her name was Rita but soon we'll get her a friend.

Marley Gronfors on February 10, 2017:

this website is really helpful i never knew that it takes time for rats and owners to bond but me and sister are getting our baby rats next week from my sister's friend who has rats were getting 2 adorable little boys mine's a albino rat with pink eyes. their names are thor and loki the pictures are really great too can't wait to start bonding with my little friend.

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on April 18, 2015:

@Morgan That makes me so happy! I am glad that they are warming up to you. You gave them adorable names! Enjoy them, ratties are the best small pets.

Morgan on April 17, 2015:

Thank you for the advice! I just brought home my first pair of ratties two weeks ago. They're wonderful girls, but they're timid, coming from a petstore! We've gotten farther in the last hour with your help than we have in the last few weeks! Ruby and Rose say thank you!(:

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on March 20, 2013:

Thank you so much! When my rats are awake they are begging for attention. It's great for them to have bonding time, especially if you only have one. Thanks again!

Koralee Phillips from Vancouver British Columbia Canada on March 20, 2013:

I've never thought about buying a pet rat, but your Hub makes them sound like awesome pets, and their acutally pretty cute. I really love your suggestion of letting the rat hang out with you around the house.

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on February 28, 2013:

Thanks for reading! I've actually seen pictures of pet rats playing with and cuddling cats, so it isn't entirely impossible. I don't have a cat though, so who knows. It's not something I'd want to try either, so I understand. :)

David Livermore from Bakersfield, California, United States on February 28, 2013:

I've always wanted a pet rat, but with two cats in the house I don't think it would be a good idea. Good articles, give me a bit more insight into how to handle a rat if I were to ever get one. Voted up.

KA Hanna from America's Finest City on February 12, 2013:

My favorite pet rat was also black and white. He was incredibly smart, though did not get along with other rats. Just with humans!

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on February 12, 2013:

Thanks for reading! They are really clever. My second rat (the black and white one) will climb onto my hand and grab my wrist when she wants to be picked up. She's a funny one.

KA Hanna from America's Finest City on February 11, 2013:

Fun hub! I used to have pet rats as a kid. One was especially smart and learned to do a bunch of tricks. Loved the great pics, too!

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on February 05, 2013:

Thanks for the feedback! These are my first two rats and I absolutely adore them. The only downside was losing a few pillowcases and a blanket because they are active chewers. I'm glad you liked the pictures!

Sheila from Surprise Arizona - formerly resided in Washington State on February 05, 2013:

My kids all had pet rats growing up - they can be great pets if they are well taken care of. Great information and I enjoyed the pictures!

Pet Rodents

Pet rodents (such as hamsters, gerbils, rats, mice, guinea pigs) can make great pets for the right family. However, pet rodents, even when they look clean and healthy, can carry germs that can make people sick. Following these tips can help you and your pet rodents stay safe and healthy.

  • Pick the right pet for your family. Pet rodents are not recommended for families with children 5 years old or younger, pregnant women, or people with weakened immune systems because these groups are at greater risk for serious illness.
  • Always wash your hands immediately after touching, feeding, or caring for pet rodents or cleaning their habitats.
  • Play safely. Do not kiss, nuzzle, or hold rodents close to your face. This can startle your rodents and also increase your chances of being bitten. Bites from pet rodents can spread germs and possibly make you sick.
  • Never eat, drink, or smoke while playing with or caring for your pet.
  • Be aware that pet rodents can shed germs that can contaminate surfaces in areas where they live and roam. You don’t have to touch pet rodents to get sick from their germs. Make sure rodent enclosures are properly secured and safe so your pet doesn’t get hurt or contaminate surfaces.
  • Keep pet rodents and their supplies out of the kitchen or other areas where food is prepared, served, or consumed.
  • Clean and disinfect rodent habitats and supplies outside your home when possible. If you clean rodent supplies indoors, use a laundry sink or bathtub and be sure to thoroughly clean and disinfect the area immediately after. Never clean rodent habitats or their supplies in the kitchen sink, other food preparation areas, or the bathroom sink.
  • Talk to your veterinarian about your pet’s health. Your veterinarian can play a key role in helping you and your pets stay healthy.
  • Tell your healthcare provider that you have been around pet rodents, whether at home or away from the home, especially if you are sick or have been bitten or scratched. Some rodent germs can cause serious and life-threatening illness in people.

Follow these safe handling tips to take special care of your small pet and keep your family safe and healthy.

How to Pick a Pet Rat


When deciding to choose a new pet rat, you're generally going to have to decide whether you want to go through a standard pet store chain, which is probably where most people would acquire one, or if you want to go through adoption, or if you want to go through a breeder. And generally I think that those are the three categories or the three places where somebody could acquire a new pet rat.

If you choose to go through a breeder, generally it means that you're looking for a very specific breed, a very specific variety or type of rat, or even a specific color pattern or color mutation of the rat. And breeders can be found both through local rat clubs, you can often find breeders by going online and doing internet searches, as a means to find them.

The majority of people probably are getting their pet rats through rescues. There are a lot of rescue organizations. There are a lot of people who choose to take in unwanted rats, who take in litters of rats when somebody unexpectedly has one, or the rescues will often acquire the rats through hoarding type situations, which is an unfortunate aspect of what sometimes happens with these animals, and they'll take in a large number of them, and then have to go through the process of rehoming them.

Otherwise, people will sometimes go to the pet store to find a rat. Sometimes the rats that are available in pet stores are actually there, and intended to be sold as, food for reptiles, like snakes. So, sometimes it's most ideal to consider going through adoption, going through a rescue organization, to try to pick out the type of rat that you want.

When looking for a rat, generally you want to find one that's happy, healthy, looks contended, is social, doesn't appear to be fearful, looks like it has pretty clean, healthy-looking eyes, no nasal discharge, no trouble breathing, overall appearance of that rat looks like a generally healthy animal with a well-maintained coat, normal activity, normal alertness, and find what's most appropriate for you. Most people choose to adopt a rat that's younger, that way they can socialize it, that way they can handle it more, that way they can raise it in the way that they want, and have it used to their home life and to their environment.

So overall, when choosing a rat, look for a healthy animal, decide if in fact, you need a specific type of variety, but most people don't. You can generally check online or check with local rat groups, check with local veterinarians that see and treat rats, and try to get put in touch with rescue organizations, sanctuaries, or generally people who do pet rescue, that may have a number of rats available for adoption.


So, telling a rat’s age is not an easy process, yet there are some key things to look for to point you in the right guess:

  • Rats will slowly begin to decrease their activities once they reach old age.
  • Rats will display a darker shade of yellow or orange coloring of their teeth.

There are other factors to help tell a pet rat’s age, yet these two characteristics offer the most possible signs to confirm an older pet rat. If you buy an adult pet rat, realize that the rat’s lifespan will be much shorter than a baby rat.

Rat: Species Profile

Rats have only become pets in the past 100 years, but they are smart, friendly, and like to cuddle, making them great companions for families and kids. They are playful animals that desire human companionship. Caring for a pet rat is somewhat complicated you'll need the right accessories, toys, and cage for your pet. Even though they are naturally short-lived pets, they can develop a variety of health issues.

Species Overview

Common Name: Rat

Scientific Name: Rattus rattus

Adult Size: Body reaches 9 to 11 inches, with an additional 8 inches of tail on average

Life Expectancy: Up to 3 years

How to Care for a Pet Rat

Last Updated: February 16, 2021 References Approved

This article was co-authored by Pippa Elliott, MRCVS. Dr. Elliott, BVMS, MRCVS is a veterinarian with over 30 years of experience in veterinary surgery and companion animal practice. She graduated from the University of Glasgow in 1987 with a degree in veterinary medicine and surgery. She has worked at the same animal clinic in her hometown for over 20 years.

There are 29 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.

wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. This article received 25 testimonials and 95% of readers who voted found it helpful, earning it our reader-approved status.

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Rats have been called "low maintenance dogs" because of their appealing blend of intelligence and loyalty. While no pet can really be considered "low maintenance," rats are certainly much easier to care for. A well-socialized, happy rat makes for a friendly, sweet, inquisitive, intelligent, and interactive pet. These entertaining creatures make great pets, but if you are considering getting a pet rat, do your homework first. Caring correctly for any pet, no matter its size, is important.

Watch the video: How To Pick up and Handle Your Hamster (July 2021).