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Breast cancer in bitches - Learn how to deal with this tumor


The diseases of the canine world are many, and the animals that receive the main vaccines are already free from the incidence of a series of serious problems that frequently affect this universe. However, these days, breast cancer in dogs, as well as a huge variety of malignant tumors, are already on the list of most feared diseases among pet dog owners.

Promoting a considerable increase in the number of professionals seeking forms of specialization and training in veterinary oncology, the breast cancer in bitches it is still one of the main types of tumor to reach the canine world and, as a result, the number of people involved in research and studies that seek new and efficient alternatives to prevent and cure this type of disease grows a lot.

Although many may believe that breast cancer in the canine world is a problem that affects only bitches; this thinking is wrong, since, although there is a much greater propensity for this disease in females, it can also affect males in some cases.

Fortunately, part of the cases of mammary tumors in dogs is benign, and does not affect the animal's life in such a negative way - however, regardless of the severity you believe to have the tumor found in your little dog, a visit to the veterinarian is absolutely necessary; since, in episodes in which the tumor present in the pet's body is malignant, early diagnosis and the immediate beginning of an appropriate treatment are factors that can be totally decisive, and make all the difference between the life and death of the dog or bitch.

Check out, in this article, some of the main factors that contribute to the development of breast cancer in female dogs, and learn to identify the signs of this dangerous disease; so that if it does, you can take the right steps to save your pet puppy.

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The development of breast cancer in female dogs

Although there are no specific factors that can help to predict the onset of breast cancer in a dog, there are already some measures that have proven to be quite effective in preventing this type of neoplasia (tumor). THE castration of the female before her first heat today, it is considered the most efficient way to keep the animal away from the risks of developing this type of disease, since it is precisely the hormonal portion of the puppies that is largely responsible for the appearance of dysfunctions that can influence the onset of the disease.

According to experts, the intake of hormonal medications (mainly contraceptives) by bitches is also a factor that can be determinant for the appearance of breast tumors in the puppy, which is why, nowadays, this type of medication is highly against indicated in the animal world; both with regard to dogs and cats.

Unlike many other types of neoplasms (tumors), breast cancer does not have a specific group of breeds that are more prone to emergence of the disease throughout life; and absolutely all canine breeds, unfortunately, are subject to suffer from this problem, and the older the animal in question, the greater your chances of developing the disease.

Contrary to what many people claim in conversations on the subject, mating (or lack of it) in the dog's life is not related to the onset of breast cancer. It is worth remembering that, as previously mentioned, the castration of females in a period prior to their first heat is a measure that drastically reduces (by up to 99%) the chances of the appearance of breast cancer and; therefore, if it is not your wish that your puppy give birth, this is a totally recommended measure.

Main symptoms of breast cancer in female dogs

As explained, early detection of breast cancer in puppies it is essential for there to be efficacy in the treatment of the disease and, therefore, it is essential that the tutors of bitches are always watching for the appearance of the signs that may indicate the presence of this type of tumor.

Canine breast cancer being malignant in more than half of the cases, canine breast cancer can, in many cases, not cause changes in the pet; such as sadness, lack of appetite, fever or vomiting - causing this problem to develop dangerously quietly.

Therefore, in addition to keeping an eye on possible changes in the pet's body, it is also essential to make periodic visits to the pet veterinarian, allowing the animal to be examined frequently and with that, the chances of an early diagnosis increase.

Although, not always, this terrible disease (which is considered the main type of cancer to affect female dogs), causes signs in pets affected in the initial phase; there is a group of symptoms that usually accompany many of the puppies with breast tumors at an advanced stage, as you can see below:

  • Lumps in the breast region of the animal
  • Swelling or dilation in the bitch's breast area
  • Pain in the breast region
  • Presence of secretions in the breasts with an unpleasant odor

Diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer in female dogs

Because breast tumors in dogs, whether benign or malignant, show few symptoms evident in the animal's body; the diagnosis of this disease is made, mainly, by clinical exams of the mammary region and exams of aspiration cytology of the nodule.

After a clinical analysis (in which, usually, nodules can be found in the area of ​​the puppy's breasts), it is up to the veterinary medical professional to request tests to investigate the disease; and computed tomography, chest X-rays and abdominal ultrasound are usually among the main means of certifying the extent of the problem.

In addition to facilitating the definition of a correct and accurate diagnosis, these tests also provide important information so that a treatment can be defined; as, mainly, data in relation to the presence of cancer metastases, (if the disease has spread to other parts of the animal's body besides the breast region).

Biopsies are also often requested by veterinarians in cases of suspected different types of cancer in animals; since, through this exam (which is ugly from taking a sample of the tumor) it is possible to know whether the neoplasm is benign or malignant, or whether it is a tumor in the breast or region close to it.

Based on the concrete diagnosis of breast cancer in the dog in question, the necessary measures to treat the disease begin to be defined; being that, in the vast majority of cases, the first measure to treat this serious problem is to perform a surgical procedure for the complete removal of the tumor from the animal's body.

In cases where the tumor is benign, surgery is usually enough so that the pet no longer presents problems. However, in the occurrence of malignant tumors, chemotherapy may be indicated after the surgical procedure, aiming at the total elimination of the disease from the animal's body (as well as the prevention against the recurrence of the problem or the occurrence of metastasis).

Unfortunately, in the occurrences of breast cancer in bitches in which metastasis occurs, the chances of a treatment that completely cures the disease are minimal and, therefore, in these cases, what is usually indicated is the administration of medications to relieve the symptoms resulting from the development of the tumor in the animal's body, allowing the dog to remain comfortable for the remainder of her life.

Bearing this in mind, it is easy to understand why it is so important to always be aware of the signs of the disease in the pet dogs, looking for indications of any type of lump in the animal's body and taking it periodically for check-up consultations with a doctor. professional and trusted veterinarian, who can examine the pet and diagnose the presence of problems related to the disease in advance, making the chances of an efficient treatment considerably increased.

Therefore, when noticing behavior or any type of strange sign on your little dog do not hesitate to make an appointment with a professional immediately; since, regardless of the disease that the animal may have, the chances of cure are much greater when a treatment is started early.

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Dog Health
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Video: Breast Cancer. Tumor Removal Surgery. Nucleus Health (July 2021).