A dog with diarrhea is not so uncommon in a pet's life; however, the causes of this type of problem can be many and, in some cases, quite serious. Therefore, the question should never be ignored and, just as in the case of the appearance of other atypical symptoms in your friend, the veterinary clinic should be the place of destination when noticing this occurrence.
Although the reason for a dog with diarrhea it may be something ordinary and simple - like a change in diet or the ingestion of inappropriate foods at some time - the causes that trigger this problem may also have worms and parasites as responsible, requiring an investigation and appropriate treatment so that the condition does not evolve and affect your pet's health.
Many pet owners do not see the need to consult a professional when diarrhea occurs in their pets, and this can be explained by the fact that this occurrence is considered something relatively common, and that it can happen, even, by the simple exaggeration of foods in one meal.
However, the diarrhea in dogs it can also be the sign of some more serious and even fatal disease - including kidney failure, tumors in the intestine, intoxications and parvovirus - and with the help of a veterinarian, both the diagnosis and treatment of any possible disease becomes much easier , avoiding major complications in the pet's health.
Diarrhea can present in the form of pasty, watery and even bloody (called melena) stools, which can give good indications of what type of problem may be happening to your puppy. Therefore, when you notice this occurrence in your pet, keep an eye on its characteristics and pass this information on to the veterinarian, as this can greatly facilitate the investigation of the problem.
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Get to know, in this article, some of the main causes that leave a dog with diarrhea, and learn how to proceed to treat the problem and avoid more serious consequences to your pet's health.
What causes diarrhea in dogs
As explained earlier, diarrhea in dogs can have a number of motivations, ranging from the simplest to the most serious and even fatal. Generating in the animal a constant need to defecate, in addition to pasty and yellowish stools (most of the time), diarrhea can also present itself in other ways, and its characteristics can reveal a lot about the type of complication that triggered it. Below, you can find a list of the main diseases and reasons that can cause diarrhea in dogs:
Changes in diet and inappropriate or exaggerated eating are some of the most common causes for canine diarrhea. Easily identified as a cause when a change is proposed by the pet owner, the feeding factor can trigger the problem in dogs even when the owner doesn't even realize that a change has been made.
Overeating, for example, is something that can be overlooked by dog owners and lead to diarrhea; however, the main reason for the occurrence due to food is in the events promoted in the home that shelters the puppy with the presence of people from outside. As everyone knows, meetings of friends at the home of those who own a pet are the perfect opportunity for pets to catch the attention of new people and earn some snacks - and that is exactly where the problem lies.
In this type of event (such as a barbecue, for example), it is common for practically all the guests to end up throwing the famous pieces of fat for the pet to eat, even when advised by the pet owner that this should not be done. Conquering the sympathy of new friends with lots of charm and games, pets enjoy their snacks during the event, “conquering” a canine diarrhea as a consequence.
Another food factor that can cause the problem is the ingestion of spoiled food or garbage, since, more curious dogs tend to touch trash cans and end up eating what they shouldn't.
As well as several other symptoms - including depression and poor appetite - stress in dogs can be an important factor in the onset of diarrhea. Routine changes, housing, a new member of the family or the constant absence of the owner are factors that often cause stress in dogs, and this feeling of anxiety and nervousness can cause some changes in the organism of the animal, leading him to suffer from the problem in a timely manner.
The curiosity of canine pets, in addition to taking them to dig through the trash, can make them explore other parts of the house, such as the places where cleaning products and insect poisons are kept, among others; and the ingestion of this type of substance can cause intoxication of the animal, with the consequence of the appearance of diarrhea. Click here and learn more about the prohibited chemicals for pets.
In addition to the industrialized products commonly used for cleaning, some plants may also have toxic substances harmful to dogs. Therefore, both toxic products and plants should be kept out of the reach of pets to avoid cases of diarrhea in dogs.
- Intestinal parasites
Transmitted to dogs by contact with the excrement of an infected animal, intestinal parasites also enter the list of major causes of canine diarrhea. May cause diseases such as giardiasis, the presence of parasites in the intestinal tract of dogs can be fatal when not properly cared for.
In addition to direct contact with contaminated material, transmission can also occur during breastfeeding of infants by infected mothers - this being one of the main causes of death of young. The variety of worms and parasites that lodge in the intestinal tract of dogs is quite wide, and includes names such as giardia, tapeworm, roundworm and coccidia, among others; being that they all have in the canine diarrhea one of its most characteristic signs.
The number of viruses that can cause diarrhea in dogs is quite large and, in most cases, can result in quite serious consequences for the health of the animal. Parvovirus, coronavirus and distemper are some of the most common and feared names among canine viruses, and can only be prevented through vaccination.
Symptom common to all the diseases mentioned above, canine diarrheain these cases, it can be an important warning sign; since a good part of such complications can lead the animal to death, as you can see below:
Very common disease that causes the death of up to 80% of infected puppies. Diarrhea is its main symptom, generating liquid, smelly and bloody stools.
The symptoms of the disease are very similar to those of Parvovirus, but in a milder way because its pathophysiology affects parts that are easier to be replaced by dogs. Specific tests are necessary for the diagnosis of the disease, which can also be fatal; however, it tends to be less worrisome than the dreaded Parvovirus.
- Canine distemper
Highly contagious, the disease causes a series of signs in addition to diarrhea, such as fever, vomiting, nasal and ocular secretions; it can even affect the animal's nervous system. Often fatal, it can leave irreversible neurological sequelae in pets that can cure the problem.
- Organ dysfunctions
Diseases of the liver, pancreas and kidneys can also have a form of manifestation in canine diarrhea and, in these cases, in most cases the feces arrive accompanied by blood.
As they have a series of other associated symptoms, these diseases can have a complicated diagnosis for laypeople and, regardless of this factor, when noticing the combination of diarrhea and blood in your pet, it must be taken immediately to a veterinary clinic, as these complications can cause quite serious consequences and even lead the animal to death.
How to treat a dog with diarrhea
As we have repeated many times, the best solution to treat diarrhea in dogs (and any other symptoms of canine diseases) is to have the help of a veterinarian; since only he will be able to identify and diagnose what causes the pet to suffer from the problem, in addition to indicating the most appropriate treatment.
However, in cases where the canine diarrhea it is light and the pet owner is sure of its causes (due to incorrect feeding, for example), there are some measures that can be taken to relieve the dog's symptoms without harming it.
As at home, without technical knowledge, it is not possible to diagnose the cause of diarrhea, it is always advisable to take the dog to the veterinarian for an evaluation and, yes, then stipulate the treatment. At home we should try to keep the animal hydrated, in a place with a mild temperature and feed it according to what is indicated by the professional. Puppies are much more sensitive to diarrhea, so we shouldn't waste any time with them before taking them to the vet.
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