Volpino Italiano

Volpino Italiano file

This small dog is part of the Spitz breed group, with an appearance that closely resembles the German Spitz and the Pomeranian Lulu. It can be known not only as Volpino Italiano, but also as Spitz of Florence and Cane de Quirinale. He was very much appreciated as a guard dog, being the favorite companion of the Tuscan and Lazio wagoners and quite flattered in the palaces of Italy. It is said that Michelangelo owned a Volpino and kept it with him while painting the Sistine Chapel.

When socialized and trained from an early age, the Volpino Italiano he is an excellent companion throughout his life. His ideal human include couples without children, retirees, people who live in the city or on farms. It adapts well to apartment life and most climates.


Originating in Italy, it descends from other dogs of the Spitz group that existed in the central region of the country in the Bronze Age, around 4000 BC. Despite having the same ancestors as the German Spitz, the Spitz de Floença is his relative since the German breed was not used in its development. The name Volpino, a little fox in Italian, is due to its size and the shape of its ears that resembles those of a fox.

He was loved by simple people and royalty, being the favorite of the Italian royal family and often used on farms in Tuscany and Lazio to warn dogs bigger than wolves or hunters were nearby. Over time, the breed lost its popularity and came very close to being extinct in 1954. Afraid that the Florence Spitz some breeders tried to revive the breed in 1984. The attempt was successful since the breed still exists, however it is still very rare today, presenting a minimum number of registered dogs per year in England and the United States. United.


He is very attached to the environment in which he is raised and his family, being affectionate and companion with children. Despite this attachment, loving attention and affection from its owners, is an independent dog. He is very distinguished, cheerful, smart and likes to play. In the presence of a stranger, he is suspicious, which makes him a very reliable watchdog. It requires firm training and socialization from an early age, as it may present a stubborn temperament.

If allowed, the Italian Volpino dog becomes dominant.


It is small, compact and harmonious, square in shape. Your walk should not be bouncy, with long strides, both at a gallop and at a trot. Its fur is incredibly straight, very long and dense, with a rough and rigid texture. It should never be droopy, even if the coat is not very dense. On the neck the coat forms a kind of necklace, his body seems to be wrapped in a coat and is very long on the tail. In the hind limbs, fringe formation occurs. On the head it is semi long and hides the base of the ears, where it is thin and quite smooth. On the muzzle the hair is short. It is most commonly found in white, but it can be red (rare) or even champagne, which is permissible, but not desirable. The coloring is unicolor, with no red spots on the white hair, nor black and white spots on the red hair.

The head of the dog of the Italian Volpino breed it is pyramidal in shape and occupies practically 4/10 of its size at the withers. The skull is longer in length than the muzzle, the shape is quite oval, the forehead is well developed and descends almost perpendicular to the base of the muzzle. The nose is moist, with wide open nostrils, always black regardless of the color of the hair, the nasal canal is straight. Its jaws are not robust, the teeth are white, complete, aligned and with a scissor bite, the bite in tongs being tolerated. The eyes are wide open, dark ocher in color and the edges of the eyelids are black, of normal size. The ears are short, triangular and erect, with the face facing forward, and may present a light orange color, which is not desirable, but is allowed. The cartilage of the ears is rigid and they are set high and close together. The neck has approximately equal length of the head, being always carried high, with the skin well adjusted. The tail is inserted in the extension of the croup, always wrapped around the dog's back. The paws are oval, with black nails and palm pads.

Specific care

This breed requires regular brushing to remove dead hair. It must be clipped, which is an easy task, but one that requires constant attention. For Volpino dogs it is better to avoid frequent baths. You can live very well in apartments when you are offered enough exercise.


With good longevity, the Italian Volpino breed has few health problems, however can develop heart problems and cataracts.

Video: Aida, volpino italiano (July 2021).