Realizing the presence of blood in the urine of dogs can be a source of great despair for those who have a canine pet as part of the family and the fear caused in dog owners by such a situation is not unfounded, as this may be the first sign some serious complication with the pet.
Called hematuria, the appearance of blood in dogs urine it can be linked to different problems and, although there are cases where this is caused by simple problems to treat, it can also be the symptom of some serious illness or infection and that, without treatment, can lead your dog to death.
That said, it is clear that the first step to take in these cases is to take your pet to a veterinarian for consultation as soon as possible. Because it is relatively common in canine life, hematuria can be ignored by some owners when it does not arrive accompanied by other symptoms - causing the pet owner to let time pass to make sure that the presence of blood in the pet's pee is a real cause for concern.
However, this attitude is one of the worst that can be taken in this situation, as postponing the investigation of the causes of the problem and its diagnosis can help the complication to develop and become much worse; which makes the treatment and the chances of recovery of the dog very difficult. Therefore, dog owners should always be attentive to the urine coloring of your pets and, when you notice any change, have the nearest veterinary clinic as a destination.
With this care, the risks that your puppy has its health really weakened considerably, and the treatment for the problem (whatever the origin is) can be started promptly - ensuring the well-being of the animal and the whole family, who can enjoy the benefits of a friend at home without worries. Know, in this article, the main causes of hematuria, and know what you can do to try to prevent this type of problem in your canine pet.
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Causing blood in the urine of dogs
As mentioned, the appearance of blood in the urine of dogs can have different causes and quite different origins. Check out some of the most known problems that trigger hematuria below:
- Urinary tract infections
Affecting the bladder and the entire urinary tract of the dog, infections in this area are caused by bacteria (in most cases) that cause a series of symptoms in animals in addition to blood in the pee. Pain when urinating, fever, increased frequency of peeing and constant licking of the genitals are also among the symptoms of problems in the urinary tract, and the infection can spread to the animal's kidneys and cause worse consequences. Anti-inflammatories and antibiotics are the most commonly used drugs to treat the problem, and should only be prescribed by professionals.
Canine cystitis is inflammation of the bladder of dogs and can be caused by bacteria in the animal's urinary tract. Bladder stones, tumors, anatomical malformation and urine retention due to external causes can also help the problem to appear, causing urinary incontinence and the presence of blood in the pee. Relatively frequent in canine life, cystitis can only be diagnosed by a professional, usually through ultrasound, and requires a lot of attention and specific care, since it can evolve to some type of tumor when not treated.
One of the signs of the presence of tumors in dogs - be they benign or malignant - is hematuria and, in these cases, only a veterinary professional will be able to diagnose the type of tumor and indicate the appropriate treatment.
- Stones (urinary stones)
As in humans, the presence of stones in the kidneys or bladder of dogs can cause various lesions in the urinary tract, causing the appearance of blood in the animal's pee, in addition to symptoms such as abdominal pain and difficulty urinating.
The contact of dogs with toxic substances, such as rat poison - found in various environments frequently accessed by pets - causes serious poisonings that, if not treated promptly, can lead to death. Blood in the urine is one of the most common signs of intoxication in dogs, and occurs due to internal bleeding.
Dogs can appear to be well after traumas such as falls, crashes and even pedestrians being run over. However, the internal part of your body may have suffered serious injuries, and the blood in the pee of dogs that have suffered some type of accident is one of the main signs of this type of situation, which must be taken care of immediately, as it can be a sign, for example. example, from internal bleeding, such as a bladder rupture.
- Infectious diseases
Some infectious diseases in dogs can also lead to hematuria, such as leptospirosis, which, together with its classic signs such as kidney and liver failure, can lead to the presence of blood in the urine.
In addition to the factors described above, cancer in places other than the bladder, kidney damage, tick-borne or parasitic diseases and clotting disorders can also trigger the onset of hematuria - as well as the estrus period in dogs (which is easy to be identified and does not present any risk to the animal).
Therefore, it is extremely necessary that the dog that has blood in the urine be taken immediately for a consultation with a veterinarian, considering that - with the exception of the estrus factor - all these complications can develop until the animal is killed, and should be dealt with as soon as possible.
Symptoms and prevention of hematuria in dogs
Blood in the urine is, in addition to the meaning, the main sign of hematuria in dogs. However, this factor can appear alongside several other symptoms, and pet owners should be aware of all of them; since the owners do not always have enough attention to see the presence of the blood in the animal's pee. In many cases, this presence can be quite discreet, and this also ends up making it very difficult for any problem to be noticed by the owners of the dog with problems.
Increased thirst, urinating more frequently and with discomfort, smelly pee, fever, enlarged abdomen and even seizures may accompany signs of hematuria, with excessive salivation, weakness and the presence of swollen testicles and penises in males also they are part of the symptom package in some cases.
Dogs with the problem may also have to do a lot effort to urinate and do not succeed, therefore, when you notice that your pet appears pain when peeing or realizes that it tries to relieve itself many times in vain (releasing only small jets of urine and a few drops of blood), keep an eye out!
Although this whole set of signs can accompany the blood in the urine of dogs as an indication of complication, these are not always present when hematuria occurs and, in order not to miss a possible problem, it is important that dog owners are always aware of I look at the color of your pets' urine - taking them to a consultation with a professional whenever they identify any factor that deviates from the usual.
In many cases the urine may be much darker than normal when there is presence of blood, even without pink or reddish color, which is why visiting a veterinarian is so necessary for anyone who notices any change in their pet in this regard.
Although for many of these cases there are, specifically, no forms of prevention; it is recommended that pet owners take their dogs to exercise and pee quite often. Dogs that do not practice physical activities tend to consume less water and, consequently, to urinate less - which can facilitate the appearance of problems in the animal's urinary tract.
A wrong diet can also contribute to the appearance of complications of this type, and dogs that are not trained to urinate at home should be "walked" with a lot of constancy; since, the act of hold the pee for a long time it can also be a factor that encourages the development of problems related to hematuria.
Diagnosis and Treatment
The diagnosis of the factors that triggered the presence of blood in your pet's urine can only be made by a veterinary professional, since the reasons can be many and require clinical and laboratory tests to be confirmed.
From this, the doctor will be able to indicate the most appropriate treatment for the animal, which can be both simple - and only need oral medications - as well as more complicated, requiring hospitalizations and even surgeries so that it can be resolved (as in the case of dogs with tumors, for example).
- Dog Health
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