Tartar is a deposit that consists of a mixture of food particles, saliva in the oral cavity and bacteria present. You can recognize the coating especially in the narrow interdental spaces, on rough tooth surfaces and on the gumline. Dogs with very small teeth often tend to have misaligned jaws and teeth that are too close or inclined - the perfect breeding ground for tartar. Dogs, canines and molars of the upper jaw are particularly often affected. You should therefore focus your attention on these if you fear an infestation of your animal.
Tartar: This is what it looks like
The affected teeth usually have gray-greenish to brownish deposits that have a very rough surface. This creates new plaque very easily. The covering is usually very firm - this makes dental care more difficult. Another sign of tartar is an unpleasant bad breath that your four-legged friend radiates.
Recognize the dental plaque in dogs correctly
The problem of tartar can become gum inflammation because of the bacteria. If the gums are red or bleed, this can also indicate tartar as the cause.
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If you suspect your dog may be suffering from this problem, a visit to the vet is a good idea. The doctor can recognize the symptoms even better and confirm the diagnosis. To rule out more serious dental problems, the veterinarian can X-ray your dog's jaw.